Buckingham Hospital was opened in 1887 as a Nursing Home. It was presented to the town by John Gellibrand Hubbard the 1st Lord Addington in thanks to Buckingham for caring for his son after a head injury 12 years earlier.

The front of the building is symmetrical with long windows and features that give away it’s Jacobean style and was designed by John Oldrid Scott (one of Sir George Gilbert Scotts sons). There had been several other hospitals in Buckingham before this one, including a nursing home in Castle Street, a home for sufferers of Leprosy and the Chantry Chapel. This hospital was said to have housed the world’s first conference on rural health visitors. A movement inspired and started by Florence Nightingale and local doctor, Dr De’ath.